Clare Grundman, composer
Concord is based on three traditional tunes from old New England:
"The White Cockade," William Billings’ "America," and "Yankee Doodle."
"The White Cockade" is a fife and drum marching tune widely known during
the days of the American Revolution.
"America" was written by William Billings (1746-1800), an ardent patriot,
amateur musician, and tanner by trade.
He attempted to create a new kind of hymn for the New England church, which
resulted in an outpouring of hymn tunes such as "America," which reflects
the independent spirit of the young nation at its birth.
"Yankee Doodle" is the folk song most widely associated with the
It had spread throughout the colonies by the mid-eighteenth century, and
was very popular as a tune for jigs and country dances.